How To Stop Your Car Skidding
When driving in icey conditions there is a greater risk that your car will skid. This is obvious. However the simple fact is this, a majority of car skidding is a result of driver error or rather poor, ineffective driving and not poor weather conditions.
By driving in a manner which pushes grip levels to the limit, by driving at inappropriate speeds or steering, braking and accelerating too harshly, than you run the risk of skidding.
To prevent skidding you should never ask your car to do more than it can do with the grip available. As a result, in poor weather conditions you should:
1) Reduce your speed.
2) Increase your stopping distance, so if the vehicle in front stops unexpectedly you have enough space to brake to a stop without skidding.
3) Take extra care when approaching a bend.
4) Be gentle and progressive when steering, accelerating and braking.
Your car is more likely to skid when the road is icy or covered in snow. In such conditions to avoid skidding you should slow right down. You should also steer and brake very gently. Your stopping distance should also be increased by up to ten times greater than in normal conditions.
When driving in winter, and especially on a winters evening when the sky is clear you should look out for ice forming on the road. For early warning signs look to see if ice is forming on the windows of parked cars. You should bee extra careful when traveling on an exposed road such as a motorway bridge. Ice will often form here first. If your car has an outside temperature meter then keep a close eye on it.
In freezing conditions beware of rain. This can form black ice which lies invisible on the road. Black ice isnt actually black, it is transparent. Hence its notoriety as a driver hazard.
In icy conditions your steering may start to feel lighter. Tyre noise may also decrease. If this happens then you are likely to be driving on ice. To prevent a dangerous skid lift your foot gently off the accelerator. This will allow your car to slow smoothly and gently. If you need to continue driving then do so slowly using a high gear. This will help you avoid hard acceleration which could spin the wheels.
Accelerating too hard can also cause skidding. If you accelerate too hard when moving off on a slippery road then the driven wheels will spin without propelling the car forward. In icy conditions some wheel spin may be inevitable. To minimize the spin try engaging a higher gear.
Braking hard on a slippery road can also cause your car to skid. Your wheels can lock up and you will continue onwards with little or no braking effect. The locked wheels will also prevent you from steering. If this happens you should release the brake pedal to free the wheels then reapply the brake less harshly. If your car has ABS fitted then your wheels wont lock. However dont think ABS eases all problems when driving on a slippery road. It doesnt.
On a slippery road if you approach a corner too quickly there is a good possibility that your car will skid. This is even more likely if you also brake harshly whilst taking the corner. You turn the steering wheel to corner but there is no response and the car continues on ahead. This is a classic front wheel skid. If this happens then remove your foot from the accelerator. This throws the weight balance of the car forwards and helps the tyres find grip. Do not use the brake. As the tyres find grip carefully steer the car into the direction of the skid. For example if the rear of the car skids to the left, steer quickly and smoothly to the left.
have access to skid-pans. If you are learning to drive and soon to take yourdriving test
then it is also wise to ask your driving insuructor to give you lessons in how to deal with a skid.